Colonialism is the root cause for the majority of present global issues
The World Bank says 1.4 billion people in developing countries are living under extreme poverty. All of these are former colonies drained off their wealth. Not many know or are informed of the legacy of colonial crimes committed by European colonial explorers together with the Church. Invasion, occupation, plunder, murder, elimination of everything traditional was their objective. Every Christian/Catholic in Americas, Asia, Africa & Australiasia came to be so as a result of forced/coercive conversions. While all these crimes are still unaccounted, the same perpetrators are using UN and international legal systems & nomenclatures like R2P to militarily invade and occupy, economically entrap to debt & plunder resources while using various insidious methods to depopulate these same third world countries in what is today known as neocolonialism. The world should not turn a blind eye to the perpetrators continuing their corrupt ways while pointing fingers at others. They have no moral authority to do so.
Church-European Explorers use Terra Nullius (Nobody’s Land) to confiscate lands that were non–Christian
The Papal Bull orders of Pope Nicolas V on January 8, 1455 to European explorers to grab lands was clear.
…–invade, search out, capture, vanquish, and subdue all Saracens and pagans whatsoever, and other enemies ofChrist where so ever placed…” and to …reduce their persons to perpetual slavery”. Papal Bull Inter caetera divided the Non-Christian world between Spain and Portugal.
How can you ‘discover’ land that was already occupied? Columbus never discovered America – people werealready living in America.
That was not all that the European invaders ended up doing – they murdered, plundered, destroyed traditional tribes, cultures, value systems, introducing English education to create Western-worshipping locals, forced conversions, replaceable traditional administrative and legal systems with western, non-Christian places of religious sites and on top of these sites erected Churches, they destroyed traditional agriculture and replaced with cash crops thus ruining the soil and these countries are suffering as a result. The virtual same is being done through transnational corporations and privatization and present use of UN’s R2P military interventions and illegal occupations.
Until Canada gives Indigenous people their land back, there can never be reconciliation” so said Arthur Manuel.
Canada is just one of many settler states created by Great Britain having usurped the lands from the indigenous natives. Settler immigrants have taken over all lands that once belonged to the indigenous natives. Modern Canada loves to preach and dictate completely ignoring the racial discrimination, constitutional and legal discrimination, human rights & child rights violations, The name Canada sprang into being only in 16th century with the question ‘are indigenous people Canadians’. What good is Canada ratifying all of the UN’s Conventions when it is denying fundamental rights of the indigenous.
Up until the 15th century North America belonged to indigenous Native Indians. Christopher Columbus voyaged to the Americas in 1492. Americans have been declaring a holiday as Columbus Day completely ignoring the murderous history of this European explorer. The name America derives from Italian explorer Amerigo Vespucci.
Then came the British headed by Sir Walter Raleigh in search of land and gold. Virginia was named in honor of Elizabeth, the Virgin Queen and English immigrants began settling in Jamestown in 1607. The Great Migration (of 50,000 British convicts) between 1620-1640 led to the 13 colonies. By 1800s there were 2m English migrants. By 1910, Eastern & Southern Europeans made up 70% of the immigrants to US.
According to the 1775 Phips Proclamation in Massachusetts, King George II of Britain called for subjects to embrace all opportunities of pursuing, captivating, killing and destroying all and every of the aforesaid Indians.”
An interactive map shows how the white migrants took 1.5billion acres of land belonging to Native Indians in America http://www.slate.com/blogs/the_vault/2014/06/17/interactive_map_loss_of_indian_land.html
500 years of genocide has yet to be accounted for http://www.lankaweb.com/news/items/2014/04/29/500-years-of-britishamerican-genocide-of-native-americans/
12million Native Americans before arrival of Europeans came down to 237,000 Native Americans by 1900. The British purposely gave smallpox contaminated blankets to kill people. The Mandan tribe was virtually exterminated through smallpox. The British convicts lived like cannibals – http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/northamerica/usa/10031678/British-settlers-in-Jamestown-resorted-to-cannibalism.html
In 1493 Pope Alexander VI issued the bull Inter Cetera giving Spain rights to conquer lands that Columbus had already ‘discovered’.
On the island of Espanola, on orders of Columbus 50,000 native people died within months following the establishment of the first Spanish colony. It took just 50 years to exterminate 95% of natives in Honduras. According to Pedro de Cieza de Leon, the Spanish chronicler of the Inca conquest, Roque Martin kept “the quarters of Indians hanging on his porch to feed his dogs with, as if they were wild beasts.”
European conquests of South America virtually destroyed civilizations of Incas, Mayas & Aztecs.
South America was forcefully evangelized in the 16th century but even after 500years the Church is dependent on US/European support.
The Tupi people inhabited almost all of Brazil’s coast when the Portuguese first arrived and virtually disappeared because of European diseases.
Spanish and Portuguese empires stole from Bolivia, Mexico and Peru the natural riches of silver and gold that became the economic base of all modern industrial economies. United States has sent more than 180 military operations to Latin America since 1890 to protect private American business interests but at the US taxpayers cost.
European exploration of Africa began with the Greeks and Romans, who explored and settled in North Africa. Portuguese explorer Prince Henry, known as the Navigator, was the first European to methodically explore Africa. The Scramble for Africa began in 1880s. Britain, France, Germany, Belgium, Italy, Portugal, and Spain began competing for power and to address the issue German chancellor Otto von Bismarck convened a diplomatic summit of European powers infamously known as the Berlin Conference from November 1884 to February 1885.
Using a PEN and WITHOUT African participation 14 countries drew territory as they liked and divided Africa amongst themselves. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FTjBNppdk-M
Major colonial holdings included:
· Great Britain desired a Cape-to-Cairo collection of colonies and almost succeeded through their control of Egypt, Sudan (Anglo-Egyptian Sudan), Uganda, Kenya (British East Africa), South Africa, and Zambia, Zimbabwe (Rhodesia), and Botswana. The British also controlled Nigeria and Ghana (Gold Coast).
· France took much of western Africa, from Mauritania to Chad (French West Africa) and Gabon and the Republic of Congo (French Equatorial Africa).
· Belgium and King Leopold II controlled the Democratic Republic of Congo (Belgian Congo).
· Portugal took Mozambique in the east and Angola in the west.
· Italy’s holdings were Somalia (Italian Somaliland) and a portion of Ethiopia.
· Germany took Namibia (German Southwest Africa) and Tanzania (German East Africa).
· Spain claimed the smallest territory – Equatorial Guinea (Rio Muni).
By 1914, 90% of Africa had been divided between seven European countries with only Liberia and Ethiopia remaining independent nations.
How valid were these ‘treaties’ signed? Moreover on what legal basis could illegal occupiers grant ‘independence’ to colonies artificially divided for exploitation & plunder?
Germany ruled South West Africa, now the Republic of Namibia, between 1904 and 1907. Germany also controlled all or part of modern Tanzania, Rwanda, Burundi, Togo and Cameroon.
King Leopold II of Belgium is said to have ordered the deaths of half of the Congo’s population, or up to 10 million people. http://www.walkingbutterfly.com/2010/12/22/when-you-kill-ten-million-africans-you-arent-called-hitler/
Europeans had now created artificial states. The PEN divided families and tribes. Europeans then began establishing colonial administrative systems to facilitate their exploitation. If we were to redraw Africa’s borders to have each ethnic group in their own country, we would have at least 2,000 countries” said Christina Mungal. She goes on to say Nearly half (44%) of Africa’s borders are straight lines or follow lines of latitude or longitude, splitting at least 177 ethnic groups in two or more countries.” Four in ten Africans today belong to an ethnic group that has kin across borders. A study showed that length of a conflict and its casualty rate is 25% higher in areas where an ethnicity is divided by a national border as opposed to areas where ethnicities have a united homeland. Somali are split between five different countries – northern Kenya, southern Ethiopia, Eritrea and Djibouti. The Malinke of West Africa are split into six different countries – Senegal, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Mali, Cote d’Ivoire and The Gambia. http://mgafrica.com/article/2015-01-09-africas-real-borders-are-not-where-you-think
· Similarly, Tarek Osman too says the border lines DRAWN WITH A RULER in World War 1 still rocks the Middle East. http://www.bbc.com/news/world-middle-east-25299553
· https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kxEpSqz57Vc (Sykes-Picot Agreement)
When the Africans after realizing the fraud began resisting the response of the Europeans was to mercilessly murder them. These are the nations today preaching about ‘mutually agreeable solutions’ and drafting conventions against genocide! It was the British that created concentration camps for Boers not Hitler!
The Kingdom of Congo was converted to Christianity in 1495. These are the countries today preaching religious rights & freedoms! Portuguese began the transatlantic slave trade when they exported 235 Africans from present day Senegal in 1444. The British joined the trade with John Hawkins’ expeditions from 1564. It is said that 12 million Africans were forcibly transported from their homes across the Atlantic.
Africa’s kingdoms were powerful & sophisticated with rich cultures but Europeans described them as ‘savages’ ‘uncivilized’ and ‘subhuman’. They called it the ‘white man’s burden’.
The East India Company controlled much of the Indian subcontinent by 1818. Francis Drake, one of the most notorious pirates in history, and Robert Clive, pillaged Bengal. William Dalrymple’s review of The Tears of the Rajas by Ferdinand Mount declares the British empire was erected on the dead bodies of hundreds of thousands of its Indian subjects. However, a YouGov 2014 poll declared almost 60% of Britons were proud of the British Empire and almost 50 % thought it had made the colonies better off. Government of India Act of 1858 led the British crown to assume direct control. By 1890 about 6,000 British officials ruled 250 million Indians. Up to 35 million died unnecessarily in famines. In 1943 nearly four million Bengalis died Churchill said ‘It was their own fault, … for breeding like rabbits”.
Sri Lanka too suffered from not only Indian invaders but 3 colonial European invaders – Portuguese, Dutch & British. None were better than the other. Murder, pilferage, plunder, destruction of non-Christian places of worship, killing of children and women, scorched earth policy, killing elephants as a sport, enjoying breakfast while natives were being hung, stealing lands and growing cash crops, importing labor who are today demanding separate states, creating ethnic and racial tensions and disharmony through administrative systems are just some of the policies adopted by these colonial rulers who have the audacity to preach on subjects that they violated as a policy and which they refuse to account for.
All of the colonial rulers and present day Big Powers have blood on their hands which have not been accounted for. None of these countries can speak of human rights, quote the law or introduce conventions without atoning for their sins.
Their invasions & occupied rule dehumanized people who were living peacefully in their lands. The indigenous natives were forced to adapt foreign cultures, racist ideologies that divided people, they were suppressed & subjugated. These powerful nations have no moral right to speak on any subject having invaded nations and stolen their raw materials and used locals as cheap labor while importing people from other nations and creating migrants now demanding piece of land & autonomy.
There are now more than 150 disputes that involve territory, mostly in Africa, Asia, and the Pacific region, but also in Europe and the Americas – all due to colonial European rulers and their artificial demarcations.
Industrialization in Europe created unemployment, poverty, homelessness, social displacement from rural areas etc as not all could be absorbed into the new capitalist industries. To resolve this Europeans began exporting populations and white settler colonies were created in Algeria, Tunisia, South Africa, Namibia, Angola, Mozambique, Central Africa, Zimbabwe and Zambia.
The colonial rulers through education and indoctrination created sub-groups of locals who would continue to foster the culture of privatization, inequality, racism, divisionary politics birthed by colonials and handed over to elite locals to follow. Any local leader not following norm was quickly removed by assassination – Aung San of Mynmar & Patrice Lumumba of Congo or removed by regime change in lieu of installing puppet leaders – present Sri Lanka.
Colonized nations had to suffer agro-export economies, access to land came under privileged few, income and poverty inequality divided people, natural resources became exploited, environment became destroyed, people became source of cheap labor transported under various incentive schemes,
The worst war crimes & genocide against humanity has been committed by Britain, France, Portugal, Netherlands, Spain, Germany, Belgium, Italy, Denmark, US, Ottoman Empire.
None of these countries can raise a voice or point fingers at any country. None of these countries can speak on human rights when they ignore even compensating for the violations they committed on every nation they illegally invaded & people they murdered.
None of these countries can come forward as conflict resolutionists as every issue the world suffers today has emerged from the seed colonials planted as a policy of divide and rule.
None of these countries have any moral right to demand tribunals against other countries for none of their crimes have been allowed to be brought to a tribunal while it is these very countries that determine the laws & who gets indicted and punished.
None of these countries can point fingers at any nation accusing them of being dictators or murderers when these Christian European nations AS A POLICY and WITH CLEAR ORDERS from the superiors put to death MILLIONS OF INNOCENT PEOPLE who were only defending their land.
Shenali D Waduge
British historian Thomas Packenham, in his comprehensive 1991 book The Scramble for Africa, White Man’s Conquest of the Dark Continent from 1876 to 1912