26 April 2018

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South Asians  -  One out of every 7 Asian immigrants is undocumented.............................................................................USA

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One out of every 7 Asian immigrants is undocumented

[UPDATED SEPTEMBER 8, 2017 TO INCLUDE THE LATEST POPULATION ESTIMATES OF ASIAN UNDOCUMENTED. ADDITIONAL INFOGRAPHICS CAN BE FOUND HERE]
BY KARTHICK RAMAKRISHNAN AND SONO SHAH
The issue of undocumented immigration has dominated news coverage and policy discussions, with the Trump administration passing an executive order on interior enforcement in early 2017 and, more recently, threatening to suspend federal funding to sanctuary jurisdictions and announcing an end to Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA). How might Asian immigrant communities be affected?
According to the latest available estimates, there are about 1.7 million Asian undocumented immigrants in the United States. To put those numbers in perspective, they account for about 16%, or 1 out of every 6, undocumented immigrants in the United States. This also means that about 1 out of every 7 Asian immigrants is undocumented.

The Center for Migration Studies (CMS) and and the Migration Policy Institute (MPI) have published the most recent estimates of the Asian undocumented population in the United States. The total number of Asian undocumented ranges from 1.46 million (MPI, 2014) to 1.74 million (CMS, 2015). The tables below are from the Center for Migration Studies 2015 estimates.

National Estimates, 2015

Group
Population (2015)
Share of Total (%)
1. Total Undocumented
11,042,503
2. Asian Undocumented
1,737,635
15.70
3. Total Asian Foreign Born
11,519,210
4. Asian Undocumented
1,737,635
15.08
Showing 1 to 4 of 4 entries
Importantly, the Asian undocumented population has more than tripled within 15 years, from the INS estimate of 500,000 Asian unauthorized in 2000 to the CMS estimates of over 1.7 million in 2015. By contrast, the Mexican unauthorized population grew by only 21% during the same period, from about 4.8 million in 2000 to 5.8 million in 2015.

Country of Origin, 2015

India and China account for the largest share of the Asian undocumented (26% and 22%, respectively), followed by the Philippines (14%), South Korea (10%), Vietnam (7%), and Pakistan (3%). The remaining countries from Asia account for 17% of the Asian undocumented population.

State Estimates, 2015

According to both CMS and MPI estimates, California, New York, New Jersey, Texas and Illinois are the states with the largest number of Asian undocumented, with MPI and CMS only differing on the order of New Jersey and Texas for the third and fourth largest states. The 2015 estimates from Center for Migration Studies (CMS) are provided below. The share of the Asian immigrant population that is undocumented varies widely across states, with states like Georgia, Colorado, New Jersey, and Hawaii having relatively high shares of Asian immigrants who are undocumented.
State Name
Asian Undocumented (2015)
Asian Foreign Born (2015)
Undocumented Share of Asian Immigrants
Alabama
7,009
42,381
16.54
Alaska
5,110
31,725
16.11
Arizona
23,099
147,893
15.62
Arkansas
4,996
30,881
16.18
California
463,310
3,572,239
12.97
Colorado
20,687
104,144
19.86
Connecticut
18,907
112,000
16.88
Delaware
6,210
26,686
23.27
Florida
56,987
382,569
14.90
Georgia
54,206
269,585
20.11
Hawaii
37,444
199,065
18.81
Idaho
1,989
13,850
14.36
Illinois
71,403
464,109
15.38
Indiana
17,364
99,651
17.42
Iowa
6,936
48,532
14.29
Kansas
9,897
57,540
17.20
Kentucky
4,693
42,912
10.94
Louisiana
9,774
51,407
19.01
Maryland
35,124
266,548
13.18
Massachusetts
43,946
297,513
14.77
Michigan
32,515
207,511
15.67
Minnesota
18,389
162,681
11.30
Mississippi
2,004
19,532
10.26
Missouri
12,522
81,430
15.38
Nebraska
6,492
30,026
21.62
Nevada
22,528
149,543
15.06
New Hampshire
4,467
23,894
18.70
New Jersey
115,680
600,457
19.27
New Mexico
5,588
18,534
30.15
New York
166,806
1,181,787
14.11
North Carolina
30,033
184,252
16.30
North Dakota
1,553
8,412
18.46
Ohio
26,994
168,917
15.98
Oklahoma
10,736
55,292
19.42
Oregon
15,075
110,382
13.66
Pennsylvania
53,096
296,952
17.88
Rhode Island
3,775
22,687
16.64
South Carolina
6,609
50,291
13.14
South Dakota
5,152
9,149
56.31
Tennessee
12,880
75,042
17.16
Texas
148,612
869,716
17.09
Utah
7,014
43,073
16.28
Vermont
1,079
6,204
17.39
Virginia
58,218
363,632
16.01
Washington
58,184
382,131
15.23
West Virginia
1,256
9,725
12.92
Wisconsin
12,611
90,038
14.01
Showing 1 to 47 of 47 entries
Finally, in most states, Asians make up relatively small portions of their total undocumented population. Still, there are six states where Asian immigrants account for a third or more of the undocumented resident population.